With the return of spring comes the return of people
It might seem as if cows aren’t too intelligent, but these creatures have a lot more going on than you’d think. Here are the facts about the surprisingly intelligent cow.
1. Cows (and bulls) can’t actually see the color red as they’re red-green colorblind, so in bullfights it’s actually the movement of the cape that pulls the bull in.
2. Just like humans have unique fingerprints, no two cows have the same pattern of spots.
3. Cows can see almost 360 degrees around them. It’s a useful adaptation that helps them from noticing predators before they get too close.
4. Cows have a sense of smell far superior to that of humans. They can smell things up to 6 miles away, another great tool for keeping safe from predators.
5. Don’t get between a cow and its food. They need about 100 pounds of food per day and 40 gallons of water. They’ve got an amazing metabolism that allows them to process all of those calories.
6. It’s possible to lead a cow up stairs, but they can’t walk down them.
7. Cows are incredibly social animals. They are almost never alone, and if one pulls away from the herd it’s either sick or about to give birth.
8. It’s a myth that cows have four stomachs. They simply have one stomach with four chambers that helps them digest tough materials.
9. Cows are pregnant for the same amount of time as humans: nine months.
10. Although they are sometimes stereotype as lazy, cows only sleep about 4 hours per day. They do spend 10-12 hours lying down though.
11. Most domesticated cows don’t live very long, but it is possible for cows to live over 20 years.
12. They have no upper front teeth, so instead they use the top of their mouth (the hard palate) as a kind of cutting board, and chomp with their bottom teeth to cut through blades of grass.
13. Cows spend most of their day chewing, on average moving their jaws 40,000 times a day.
14. In the process of digesting their food cows produce a huge amount of methane, 250-500 liters per day.
15. Some research shows that cows produce more milk if you name them and treat them like individuals.
16. When standing, cows typically face the magnetic north or south poles, no matter what the rest of the conditions in the area. No one knows why.
17. Cows make best friends, and their stress levels spike if they get separate from their bestie.