When you’re in grade school and high school, you’re given
Countries are a lot like companies, sometimes they just go out-of-business. Here are 9 countries that no longer exist.
1. Dominion of Newfoundland (1907-1949). It was part of the British Empire until its economy took a downside during the Great Depression. But after World War II, the Dominion of Newfoundland became a part of Canada and re-named to simply Newfoundland.
2. Free Territory of Trieste (1947-1954). It was formed after World War II, just north of Italy and Yugoslavia. The Free Territory of Trieste was an independent nation until its two neighbors took it over in 1954.
3. Czechoslovakia (1918-1992). The country was the last remnants Austro-Hungarian Empire, Czechoslovakia split into two separate countries Czech Republic in the West and Slovakia in the East. The separation came from the ethnic Slavs in the East’s desire to become an independent nation.
4. East Germany (1949-1990). It was the Russian controlled sector of Berlin after World War II, the Soviets built a wall between the Communist East and the Capitalist West. The wall came down in 1990 during the beginning of the collapse of the USSR. Now Germany is one country.
5. Yugoslavia (1918-1992). Much like Czechoslovakia, it was one of the last nations under the Austro-Hungarian Empire. But in 1992, the country split into six separate nations after a civil war, which include Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia, Macedonia, and Montenegro.
6. Tibet (1913-1951). It was an independent country until Communist China took it over in 1951. It’s currently part of a region of China.
7. South Vietnam (1955-1975). The French took over the southern region of Vietnam in the 50s with Saigon as its capital city. The Soviet Communists backed the North Vietnamese to gain control of the entire country. In 1975, the North invaded Saigon and re-named the city Ho Chi Minh City, the new capital of Vietnam.
8. Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (1922-1991). After the aftermath of World War I, Marxist Stalinism took over the region and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic was created. But after years of economy struggles with efforts to expand its ideology, the USSR began to crumble when the Berlin Wall came down to unify East and West Germany into one country. The USSR couldn’t keep the lights on (so to speak) and about 15 new countries broke up the once mighty nation.
9. United Arab Republic (1958-1971). In 1958, Syria and Egypt joined forces to surround its enemy Israel. However, after the Six Days War in 1967, the country started a process to dissolve and become two countries again.