In 1531, Niccolo Machiavelli wrote a manual called ‘The Prince’
In 2013, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) announced that the Taj Mahal in India will be closed to the public within 5 years. The decision came when officials realized that air pollution and human interaction was causing the white marble to crumble. Once the building is closed to the public, visitors will only be able to view it from afar.
- It took roughly 22,000 people to construct the Taj Mahal
- The architectural giant was created by Emperor Shah Jahan as an honor for his late 3rd wife. Rumor has it he was going to build another Taj Mahal, this time in black marble, on the opposite side of the river but war with his sons prevented it.
- The color of the mausoleum changes throughout the day starting with a pink tint in the morning and ending in gold when lit by the moon.
- It took 17 years to build.
- All four sides of the Taj Mahal are identical in every way
- It stands 171 meters (561 feet)
- 1,000 elephants were used for transporting materials during construction
- The best quality marble was brought over from Rajasthan, Afghanistan, Tibet, and China
- In 1857, war-ravaged the Taj Mahal as soldiers chiseled away at the structure
- The four columns surrounding the building are far enough away that if they were to fall they would not hit the Taj
- After the British declared rule over India, the gardens were redesigned to look more like English lawns
- It cost 32 million Indian rupees to build; that’s over $1 billion USD at the time
- To confuse enemies and prevent attack there have been numerous fake structures and scaffolding erected over the years
- In 2007, The Taj Mahal was declared one of the new Seven Wonders of the World
- In 2008, a replica of the Taj Mahal was built in Bangladesh by a filmmaker so the poor population could visit the monument without having to go to India. It cost $56 million USD to make.
- Both Emperor Shah Jahan and his wife Mumtaz Mahal rest in peace within the Taj Mahal