There are some inventors whose names are known by everyone:
The mysterious prehistoric monument, known as Stonehenge, is located on the Salisbury Plain in central southern England and has fascinated man for many, many generations. It’s unknown how the huge stone structures got to their location and what the site was used for, but many theories abound. Here are a few other facts about the amazing, iconic structure.
Bank and ditch
The first phase of Stonehenge didn’t involve large stones at all — a ditch was dug around 3100 BC, and the chalk (a sedimentary rock) that was dug up was used to form a bank.
Although the second phase left behind no visible evidence, postholes dating to around 3000 BC indicate there was some form of a timber structure built within the enclosure.
There were also 56 pits found within the outer edge of the enclosed circle, which contained the cremated remains of men, women and children. They are called the Aubrey Holes, after John Aubrey, who is thought to have been the first to identify them in the 17th century.
There is other evidence of cremated human remains in the enclosure’s ditch and other parts of the monument, giving rise the theory that Stonehenge is the first cremation cemetery located within the British Isles.
80 bluestones, each weighing around 2 tons apiece, were put into place in two areas inside the enclosure. They were later removed.
The stones that make up the large iconic circle which we’re all familiar with each weigh around 25 tons. They were put into place approximately between 2600 and 2400 BC.
Within the outer, connected stone circle, you’ll find five trilithons, which are arranged in a horseshoe shape. Each stone weighs around 50 tons each.
Return of the bluestones
The bluestones appear to have been placed again within the structure between 2400 BC and 2280 BC.
Visitors were originally allowed to walk among, touch and even climb on the remains of the structure, but in 1977, access to Stonehenge was limited by ropes that guide you around the site.
Summer and winter solstice
The stones, however, are accessible during the summer and winter solstice for ritual use.